The Islamic thought is abound with different attitudes towards philosophy; and those positions take up a wide spectrum between one pole represented by the current acceptance and absolute satisfaction with philosophical presence in the field of Islamic knowledge; while the counter-pole absolutely rejects that proposition, and between these two opposites, a range of positions is divided between them, getting somehow close to this or that pole in terms of acceptance or rejection.
This study aims at revealing the position of Imam Nursi on philosophy, pointing to a range of considerations that enhance the great importance of this position, with reference to the constitutive and methodological determinants that both control and guide reading and analyzing the texts of the letters of light in respect of disclosing Imam Nursi’s position vis-à-vis philosophy.
The study pointed to the totality of instances number of places of letters of light that the researcher considers as representing the key texts through diligently and attentively reading, studying, and analyze them, the position of Imam Nursi towards philosophy is more accurately and comprehensively evident. The researcher’s choice went on, in the context of his analytical reading of the position of the Risale-i Nur towards philosophy, focusing on the 30th word of his publication Alkalimat.
Imam Nursi’s position is based on the fact that the religion of revelation and human wisdom are intertwined throughout the succession of mankind generations, and that the two series of prophecy and religion are firmly established on the one hand and philosophy and wisdom on the other hand. This radical initiation implies negating any tendency to exclude one of the two series from human reality. Imam Nursi put forward the concepts of self-indicative and trans-indicative as an origination directing the relationship between the two series whether in conformity or dissimilarity between them.
The study confirmed that Imam Nursi was very careful to establish his position on philosophy based on a critical and coherent vision of the mind. It was the basis of his logic that intuitive reflections are augmented, which makes him more attached and expressive of the critical vision based on the principle of putting the human mind under the test of experiment and visitation.
The study dealt extensively with the vision of Imam Nursi on the divergence of the methodological structure between the two prophetic and philosophical series, and presented an analytical view of the position of Nursi towards philosophy based on engaging all epistemological, historical and social dimensions, which leads to the need to read the position of Imam Nursi towards philosophy on the basis of multiple considerations.
Keywords: Philosophy, Risale-i Nur, Self-indicative, Trans-indicative.